Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds found in a wide variety of plants, including cannabis. They are produced by the same glands in the plant that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Terpenes are responsible for the wide range of flavors and aromas found in different cannabis strains, as well as in other plants like lavender and citrus.
There are dozens of terpenes found in cannabis, but some are more common than others. Here are a few of the most well-known:
- Limonene: This terpene is found in many citrus fruits and is known for its uplifting, energizing effects. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties and may also be effective in treating depression.
- Myrcene: Myrcene is found in high concentrations in some strains of cannabis and is known for its sedative and relaxing effects. It is believed to have pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties as well.
- Pinene: As the name suggests, this terpene has a strong pine aroma and is found in coniferous trees as well as some cannabis strains. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator properties, making it potentially useful in treating asthma and other respiratory conditions.
- Caryophyllene: This terpene has a spicy, peppery aroma and is found in cloves, black pepper, and some cannabis strains. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, making it potentially useful in treating pain and inflammation.
In addition to their unique flavors and aromas, cannabis terpenes are believed to provide a wide range of health benefits. Some of these benefits may include:
- Pain relief: Some terpenes, such as myrcene and caryophyllene, are believed to have analgesic properties and may help relieve pain.
- Anti-inflammatory: Many terpenes, including pinene and limonene, are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, making them potentially useful in treating conditions like arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease.
- Anxiety relief: Limonene and some other terpenes are believed to have anti-anxiety properties and may help reduce feelings of anxiety and depression.
- Antibacterial: Some terpenes, such as terpinolene, have been shown to have antibacterial properties and may help fight infections.
Cannabis terpenes are a fascinating and complex subject, with diverse flavors and aromas and potentially numerous health benefits. While research is still ongoing, terpenes are certainly worth exploring for anyone interested in using cannabis for health and wellness purposes. If you shop in store at (1761 NE Dekum Street) our flower tags include the top three terpenes for every flower on the shelf. Have questions about terpenes? Ask our highly knowledgeable budtenders. We’re here to help.
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